Disorders in pregnancy
Back pain, sore kidneys, migraines, sore throats, and heavy legs could all be symptoms of an ongoing pregnancy. There pregnancy it brings with it some small and annoying problems that can accompany the expectant mother for all nine months. So here are the most common disorders in pregnancy and remedies.
In this article
- Disorders in pregnancy month by month
- Disorders of pregnancy, how to intervene
- Pain, heaviness, tingling
- Leg cramps
- Melasma in pregnancy
- Stomach ache
- Pain in the pit of the stomach
- Headache in pregnancy
- Nausea and vomit
- Varicose veins
- Swollen ankles
- Vaginal discharge
- Visual disturbances
- Leg pain in early pregnancy
- Muscle aches in pregnancy, in the first trimester
Disorders in pregnancy month by month
La pregnancy it is certainly a physiological experience that does not necessarily involve problems or complications, but it is undoubtedly a particular moment for the female body that undergoes a series of profound changes. The hormonal storm and the physical and anatomical changes can cause some discomfort that worsen in a few months.
For example the nausea it is a typical disorder in the first trimester of pregnancy which then tends to disappear. The backache it is more common in the last months of gestation, when the weight of the belly is more felt, as well as heartburn, muscle cramps.11 PHOTOS
Disorders of pregnancy: a remedy for everyone
Back pain, swollen legs, heartburn and many others. Here are the safe remedies for the most common ailments of pregnancy
Disorders of pregnancy, how to intervene
No to do-it-yourself treatments. Most of the drugs it cannot be taken during pregnancy so as not to jeopardize the fetus, so it is good to know these disorders and try to prevent them or at least follow some simple precautions in daily life to overcome them without problems. And the recommendation is always to contact your own gynecologist if you suffer from any discomfort or ailment, he will be the one to indicate the most suitable remedy. In some cases, he or she may prescribe a pain reliever or therapy antibiotics in the most serious cases.
Let's see what are some of the most common disorders in pregnancy and how to intervene
Pain, heaviness, tingling
They are the famous "heavy legs" often accompanied by varicose veins.
- What to do? It is good to adopt some rules of healthy life, such as wearing low-heeled shoes, walking, swimming and doing some exercises to promote venous return, sleep with your legs slightly raised, do short sponging with cold water that start from the bottom and go up along. the leg up, use natural and fresh creams to give relief.
Cramps can occur in the legs and feet especially during the last few weeks and are caused by fatigue, but also by potassium and magnesium deficiencies.
- What to do? To relieve pain massage the part. If the cramps are accompanied by swelling it is due to a potassium deficiency so drink water with a lot of lemon or even eat it in wedges. Bananas, melons, watermelon, salad, vegetable broth and Parmesan also serve the purpose of replenishing the potassium reserves.
The skeleton has to adapt to the new situation; all joints and ligaments become less solid making it easier to have sudden sagging. The pelvis dilates slightly as does the rib cage, giving rise to painful but short intercostal twinges. Ditto for the back put to the test in recent months by the weight of the belly that makes us assume an unnatural position.
- What to do? For all these pains it is better to endure with patience than to take painkillers out of proportion, for the back to keep it as straight as possible, do not sit on sofas that collapse, and if necessary, use a sheath that supports
It usually appears during the second quarter and grows throughout the rest of the pregnancy. It mainly affects the lumbar area, that is, the lower back. Sometimes it can go down into the buttocks and thigh: it is sciatica, a very common ailment in pregnant women.
- What to do? Get enough sleep, don't gain too much weight, wear comfortable shoes, try to maintain correct posture by slowly rising to one side and kneeling if you have to lower yourself, exercise.
Melasma in pregnancy (chloasma or pregnancy mask)
It's a blemish of the skin, a patchy browning usually of the face, caused by an excessive accumulation of melanin (the tanning pigment).
- What to do? Possible remedies to combat chloasma are ointments, creams and gels with lightening action. However, it should be noted that some products may cause side effects such as irritation, dermatitis etc. Among the most effective treatments is the micro peeling which speeds up cell turnover so that excess melanin is eliminated. In the summer, but not only, do not forget the use of protective creams with sunscreens. There are also covering creams, which, however, only hide the stains without solving the problem.
Due to the burden of the uterus on the intestine and hormones, the intestinal mobility it is often compromised. This results in constipation combined with bloating, nausea, a feeling of shortness of breath and intestinal pains. In severe cases they can arise colic.
- What to do? In no case should we resort to purgatives, not even laxative herbal teas, which can cause the non-absorption of very important substances in this period. It will be important to lead a healthy life, drink two glasses of plain water on an empty stomach in the morning (if you do not suffer from nausea), and immediately after a ripe kiwi, take a teaspoon of olive oil before meals and lots of cooked fruit, apricots and dried figs. Bet everything on a greater consumption of fiber (fruit, vegetables, whole grains) and drink a lot to facilitate the evacuation. If you suffer from constipation ask your doctor.
Heartburn and gastric reflux are also frequent.
- What to do? Eat several times in small quantities, choose low-acid foods (milk, almonds, potatoes, eggs, whole grains), do not combine sugars, carbohydrates, proteins and fats together and avoid coffee, spices, tea, fatty foods, cabbage as much as possible. fried foods etc ..
Pain in the pit of the stomach
Gastritis is quite frequent, especially in the last trimester when the stomach is now very small and tight between the uterus and the rib cage. Gastritis and pain in the pit of the stomach are also frequent during the first three months and the cause is of nervous nature combined with the major looseness of the gastrointestinal musculature which favors the reflux of part of the acid content in the stomach into the throat.
- What to do? Eat smaller, more frequent meals that are easily digested and avoid spicy, fatty and irritating foods. Not lying down immediately after eating and slowly chewing on breadcrumbs or nuts after eating can help. Among the natural remedies, thelemon balm water will give relief. For the most acute cases the gynecologist will prescribe antacids.
Headache in pregnancy
Among the main causes of the headache in pregnancy there is certainly the big change that occurs at the hormonal level.
- What to do? Il paracetamol it is the drug of first choice to treat a headache attack, but if the headaches are recurring and if there are other symptoms such as dizziness, flashes of sight, tremor it is important to talk to your doctor.
Hemorrhoids are small dilations of the veins in the anus that can appear or worsen during pregnancy.
- What to do? If they bleed when you go to the body, contact your doctor, if instead they give only anal itching to solve the constipation problems, practice a thorough local cleansing with acid PH soap. Use anti-hemorrhoidal ointments as needed.
Nausea and vomit
They affect about 60% of pregnant women, albeit with different intensities. Usually the most risky time is after the awakening but the nausea may never go away all day. The causes are to be found in the emotionality and action of a hormone, the chorionic gonadotope since they usually arrive around the fifth week e disappear at the end of the third month, just like the action of this hormone. Nausea can also cause abundant salivation and alterations in the senses of taste and smell.
- What to do? If the vomiting it is so intense that it makes you lose weight we talk about hyperemesis gravidarum and then you will need special treatment or hospitalization. If the problems are normal, you can eat biscuits or crackers in the morning before getting out of bed, it is useless to eat in white while the situation improves, do not frequent places with intense smells, smoky or with little air exchange. Lemon balm water also helps in this case.
Remedies for nausea in pregnancy
A few tips on how to fight the nausea of pregnancy
The greatest amount of blood circulating, the pressure of the uterus on the veins and always hormones can cause the appearance of varicose veins on the legs, which will appear at first only swollen and 'heavy' but which can also ulcerate. The women most at risk are those who are overweight and those with a family history. If there are only veins under the skin there is no need to worry but they must never be neglected.
- What to do? Take advantage of every opportunity for drain the veins placing your feet up and standing up if you sit for a long time, standing still is harmful while walking is very good, use shoes with medium heels, neither high nor low to the ground.
It is very normal, especially at the end of pregnancy and if it is hot and you have been on your feet a lot, to arrive in the evening with swollen feet. You have to worry if the swelling also extends to the legs, hands, face and if there is even when you wake up. In this case, contact your doctor.
Due to dilating vaginal and vulvar blood vessels, increasing blood flow and oozing vaginal walls, a lattiginous fluid and the losses seem much more abundant than usual but it is all normal, indeed these secretions help to keep inflammation at bay.
- What to do? If losses are accompanied by itching and burning and they are smelly better to ask the gynecologist. Always keep hygiene under control without using soap all the time.
During pregnancy it is very common to experience vision problems: blurred vision, dry eyes, seeing sparks or spots in front of the eyes etc. They are generally transient symptoms that go away after delivery.
So many factors can make it difficult sleep in pregnancy: from the new situation, to thinking that after nothing will be the same as before, anxiety ... in short, it is proven that especially from the fifth month a bit of insomnia is normal. It seems to depend on the fetus that is now making itself felt: it moves, kicks, etc. but there is also the theory that sleep becomes lighter to prepare the mother for the many nocturnal awakenings she will face once the baby is born.
- What to do? A chamomile tea before bedtime, keep the rhythms low, dim lights and no PC or Tablet when bedtime approaches
Even for those who have already had children there pregnancy it is always a new thing which therefore causes restlessness and even the strongest women find themselves dealing with emotions, anxieties and worries, inconceivable to most.
- What to do? We must not be ashamed or blame it, nor keep everything inside but talk about it with the mother, the partner, the friends and the gynecologist.
Leg pain in early pregnancy
It is easy to hear the heavy and tired legs and even slightly painful at the beginning of pregnancy: it is the hormonal change, also linked to the changes that are taking place in the circulatory system.
- What to do? It is important to massage the legs starting from the ankles and going up to promote lymphatic return and fight swelling and stagnation of liquids, often take foot baths with water and salt and keep the legs raised with a pillow at the height of the ankles as often as possible. possible.
Muscle aches in pregnancy, in the first trimester
I muscle pain they can be quite common as early as the first trimester. For example, you may feel a cramp-like pain such as that related to the arrival of the menstrual period behind the kidneys, but in most cases it is a muscle pain. Just as you can have muscle cramps in the legs and calves.