Fever in pregnancy: causes and remedies

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Philippe Gloaguen
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Fever in pregnancy

La body temperature it varies at different times of the day and is considered normal when it settles around 37 °. Generally a few lines of fever are not of concern and are not dangerous, but when the occurs fever in pregnancy fears and questions arise about the risks that the child could run. Let's see together what are the causes, symptoms and treatment options in case of fever in pregnancy.





In this article

  • Causes
  • Fever in pregnancy remedies
  • How to prevent fever in pregnancy
  • Fever in pregnancy and Tachipirina
  • Fever in pregnancy and miscarriage
  • When to worry

Causes

Fever is not a disease in itself, but a defense mechanism of the body in response to an infection or some inflammatory condition. Therefore, fever should never be underestimated or ignored because it could indicate the presence of an underlying condition that is potentially harmful to the growing child.



Among the possible causes we find:

  • food poisoning;
  • respiratory tract infections;
  • colds and flu.

Symptoms that occur in association with fever, such as:

  • shortness of breath and difficulty breathing;
  • abdominal pain;
  • stiff neck;
  • chills;
  • abdominal pain;
  • headache;
  • nausea and vomit.

Fever in pregnancy remedies

La fever in pregnancy it is not a condition that should be underestimated and should be kept under control first of all with antipyretics, such as Tachipirina. The right treatments, however, depend on the cause of the fever: if the infection is viral in nature, it is possible to take TachipirinaIf, on the other hand, the fever is caused by a bacterial infection, an antibiotic therapy prescribed by the doctor may be necessary.



- antibiotics they are not always safe in pregnancy: therefore it is important to contact your doctor to accurately diagnose the type of bacterial infection responsible for the fever, the doctor can then prescribe an antibiotic suitable for the situation.
It is advisable to avoid aspirin and NSAIDs and avoid doing it yourself.

If the fever is linked to food poisoning or gastroenteritis that also causes nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, the most important thing to do is to rehydrate adequately with fluids, mineral salts and electrolyte supplements. Dehydration can cause contractions and preterm labor.

How to prevent fever in pregnancy

The best way to avoid getting a fever in pregnancy is to prevent any infections:

  • wash your hands frequently with soap;
  • stay away from sick or cold people;
  • avoid closed and crowded places;
  • get the flu shot.

Fever in pregnancy and Tachipirina

Paracetamol, the active ingredient of Tachipirina, is a drug considered safe during pregnancy and may be useful for both lowering fever and relieving pain. Generally, therefore, it is possible to take paracetamol to bring down the fever, always following the directions and dosage indicated by your doctor.

Read also: Infectious Diseases in Pregnancy

Fever in pregnancy and miscarriage

About 20% of pregnancies end in the first months of gestation due to a miscarriage. A fever is not necessarily the cause of a miscarriage, however it can be a symptom of an infection which in turn can cause a pregnancy loss.

According to some studies, infections can cause the 15% of spontaneous abortions and up to 66% of late complications. 

Although various pathogens have been associated with miscarriage, the mechanisms of infection-induced miscarriage are still not fully elucidated.

The speech, however, is different if the fever is very high:

  • A temperature above 39,5 ° C during the first trimester increases the risk of miscarriage, but also of fetal brain or spinal cord defects.
  • A high fever in the third trimester of gestation, on the other hand, increases the risk of preterm birth.

When to worry

If any of the following symptoms occur during pregnancy, see a doctor:

  • strong feeling of thirst;
  • low urine output;
  • dark-colored urine;
  • dizziness;
  • severe cramps;
  • difficulty breathing;
  • decreased movements of the fetus;
  • fever that does not go down.

References

  • Systematic Review and Meta-analyses: Fever in Pregnancy and Health Impacts in the Offspring
  • The role of infection in miscarriage
  • MSD
  • Review: Hyperthermia and fever during pregnancy

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