Vaginal ovules, what they are and what they are for

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Marie-Ange Demory
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Vaginal suppositories, the guide to use

- vaginal pessaries, also called vaginal suppositories, are drugs in solid form, with a single dosage, which the woman must manually insert into the vagina to allow them to perform their function.

They are commonly used to treat certain infections, such as candida. Some are also suggested during pregnancy (such as progesterone eggs, for example), they act quickly and are therefore often prescribed by gynecologists.

But let's see what they are, how they work, how the vaginal suppositories are applied. 

In this article

  • How vaginal suppositories work
  • When to take vaginal suppositories
  • How to insert the vaginal suppositories
  • Vaginal pessaries in pregnancy
  • More tips on using vaginal suppositories
Read also: Postpartum spiral: what it is and when to use it

How vaginal suppositories work

The vaginal ovum acts quickly once inserted into the vagina. Its therapeutic action, in fact, is exercised locally and therefore in the vaginal mucosa. The ovum releases its active ingredient and the vaginal mucosa, rich in blood vessels, favors absorption.

The main reason why gynecologists prescribe vaginal suppositories for infections or other female problems is their effectiveness against infections. Acting directly in the vagina, without having to pass through the intestinal tract or the bloodstream, the effect is faster. 

How to insert the vaginal suppositories

Vaginal suppositories are simple drugs to apply, just follow the instructions on the leaflet or indicated by the doctor, so that everything goes well. Usually the egg is inserted with the finger, only in some cases is there a special applicator. 

First di insert the egg, it is good to wash your hands thoroughly, dry them, remove the egg from the package and insert it gently into the vagina, well deep. Gynecologists always suggest to apply the egg in the evening, before going to bed, in this way the lying position will favor the permanence of the drug in the vaginal canal.

In any case, it may happen that a small part of the liquid is expelled from the vagina after insertion, so it is advisable to apply a panty liner, to avoid getting wet and dirty.

When to take vaginal suppositories

One of the most common questions is: when are vaginal suppositories taken? When and why does the doctor prescribe them to women, whether they are pregnant or not?

Vaginal pessaries are especially recommended for vaginal infections. There are various types on the market that can offer the best treatment in different cases. Specifically, vaginal suppositories are recommended when they occur:

  • vaginitis
  • candida
  • tricomoniasi
  • bacterial cervicitis
  • vulvovaginiti
  • inflammatory and dystrophic diseases of any origin

Vaginal pessaries in pregnancy

Some vaginal pessaries can also be prescribed during pregnancy, including the progesterone pessary.

A very common drug for pregnant women, taken especially in the first months of gestation. The main function of the vaginal ovules of progesterone is to support pregnancy by preparing the uterus to allow the best nesting of the fertilized egg. Progesterone - which can also be taken in other forms - prepares the lining of the uterine tissue.

Not only that: the progesterone eggs they are also prescribed for future mothers in the event of detachments and threats of abortion.

More tips on using vaginal suppositories

Here are some additional tips to have and things to know for use the vaginal suppositories correctly, without risks and contraindications:

  1. As with all therapies, even the vaginal suppositories must be inserted for certain days, the doctor will indicate the duration of the treatment. It is therefore good to respect the times to allow the therapy to be truly effective
  2. Never take a dose higher than that indicated and if this happens consult your doctor
  3. Do not use the drug if it has expired
  4. Keep the eggs in a cool and dry place to ensure their integrity
  5. When the eggs have to be inserted during the menstrual cycle, it is not possible to use the menstrual cup and even tampons
  6. In case of side effects, such as burning, irritation, internal vaginal discomfort, it is good to inform the gynecologist
  7. In some cases, during therapy, it is not recommended to have sexual intercourse with your partner (but it is always better to ask your doctor).
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