Vaginitis: symptoms, causes and remedies

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It defines itself vaginitis a number of various ailments that cause inflammation or infection of the vagina. Vaginitis is, therefore, one strong intimate inflammation which can be caused by a mycosis, from infectious agents, but also from irritants. Vulvovaginitis, on the other hand, refers to inflammation of both the vagina and vulva (the external female genitalia). Let's see how it manifests itself and how it is treated vaginitis.

In this article

  • Symptoms
  • Causes of vaginitis
  • Candida vagina
  • Bacterial vaginitis
  • Viral vaginitis
  • Non-infectious vaginitis
  • Atrophic vaginitis
  • Remedies


I symptoms of vaginitis vary from woman to woman and can help us understand the nature of the inflammation. Vaginitis typically presents with:

  • itch;
  • losses (the consistency and color of which depend on the nature of the inflammation);
  • burning;
  • pain during intercourse.

Causes of vaginitis

The symptomatology of vaginitis can be different from woman to woman, evident manifestations may occur, but it can also be not very annoying. Much also depends on the cause and type of inflammation. In principle, we can list the following causes and types of vaginitis:

  • Candida vaginitis (fungal)
  • Bacterial vaginitis
  • Vaginas da tricomoniasi
  • Vaginitis gives chlamydia or gonorrhea
  • Viral vaginitis
  • Non-infectious vaginitis
  • Atrophic vaginitis.

Candida vagina

Vaginal candida is a fungus, which normally lives in the area of ​​the vagina which, however, sometimes proliferates abnormally, causing some rather specific symptoms such as:

  • itch;
  • whitish losses that have a lumpy texture, similar to cottage cheese;
  • briciore to the inition;
  • visible irritation to the vulva.

Bacterial vaginitis

La bacterial vaginitis it is the most common vaginal infection in women of reproductive age. It manifests itself with abnormal-smelling vaginal discharge, with a milky and thin consistency.

Il redness or itching of the vagina are not common symptoms of bacterial vaginosis unless a co-infection of bacterial vaginitis and mycosis has been triggered.

Often, therefore, some women with bacterial vaginosis have no symptoms at all, and vaginitis is only discovered during a routine gynecological exam.

Also read: Intimate hygiene tips for more sensitive moms suffering from intimate irritation

Viral vaginitis

Viruses are one of the most common causes of vaginitis. The most common viruses are:

  • Herpes simplex (HSV)
  • Papilloma virus

Herpes Simplex

This infection manifests itself with pain associated with lesions that are visible on the vulva, but can also be only internal and therefore detectable during a gynecological examination. Herpes infection is often favored by stress.

Papillomavirus virus (HPV)

Another cause of viral vaginal infection is the human papillomavirus (HPV). It can be sexually transmitted and causes the appearance of painful warts in the vagina, vulva and groin.

It is not always possible to see the lesions and for this reason the best way to diagnose the Papilloma virus is with a Pap test, a screening test that is recommended to all women on a regular basis.

Non-infectious vaginitis

Quite frequent that the woman suffers from itching, burning, vaginal discharge without any infection in place. This is usually a reaction to the use of sprays or not very delicate personal hygiene products, but it can also be caused by undergarments that are too tight or unsuitable.

In menopausal women it is not uncommon for one to occur inflammatory vaginitis characterized by thick, yellow / green vaginal discharge.

Atrophic vaginitis

This is another form of non-infectious vaginitis which is caused by a decrease in hormones which makes the vagina drier. This mainly happens during perimenopause and postmenopause, but also during breastfeeding or the postpartum phase.

The woman may experience vaginal pain, itching and burning.


To understand what is the most effective treatment for vaginitis, one must first understand what the real cause of vaginitis is, because drugs and remedies depend on the nature of the inflammation.


  • ACOG
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