What to do in the first months of pregnancy

Fonte: shutterstock

First month of pregnancy what to do

Pregnancy is not a disease and, if you do not have any particular health problems, you can live peacefully without changing your habits too much. In the first months of pregnancyHowever, especially at the first experience, there are many doubts and fears that arise in the minds of women. And it is true that the first months of pregnancy are the most delicate ones. The fertilized egg at the moment of conception must nest in the uterus and you have to wait at least 8/9 weeks to be able to hear the baby's heartbeat (one of the most exciting moments, in which, for the first time, the future mother makes herself I really realize that a new life is growing inside of her). We see what to do in the first month of pregnancy.

In this article

  • When to visit the gynecologist
  • Symptoms of the first months
  • Precautions
  • Pain in the first months of pregnancy
  • Work
  • What to eat in the first months of pregnancy
  • Losses
  • First month of pregnancy: weeks
  • First month of pregnancy: belly

When to visit the gynecologist

As soon as the test is positive, it is always good call the gynecologist to schedule the first visits or the first analyzes to be done. Some gynecologists, before carrying out a check-up, require beta analyzes, to be done twice a week apart. Others immediately schedule the first check-up to see if there is a gestational chamber with an ultrasound.

Symptoms of the first months 

I symptoms of the first months of pregnancy they can be very similar to those of the premenstrual syndrome. This is why many women don't notice them at first and just think that their period is coming. Only with the delay of the cycle does one begin to think about a possible pregnancy and it is time to take the test. The most frequent symptoms of the first months of pregnancy are various, but not all women feel them to the same extent:

  • breast tension,
  • increased sensitivity to odors,
  • nausea,
  • tiredness and sleepiness,
  • slight losses (there may also be plant losses),
  • increased appetite,
  • bloated feeling,
  • pain in the lower abdomen and urge to pee.

If you experience particular discomfort and do not know how to behave, always call your gynecologist for appropriate medical advice.

Read also: The first trimester of pregnancy


About 15% of pregnancies end in the first 12 weeks. THE first 3 months of pregnancy, in fact, they are the most delicate. For this reason, many women prefer not to announce their pregnancy before the end of the third month, when they are sure that the fertilized egg has implanted well and the pregnancy has started without problems. In the first months of pregnancy they can be followed some extra precautions to avoid the risk of an abortion. It is always good to follow the advice of the gynecologist, especially if there are problems that could jeopardize the good progress of the pregnancy. In the absence of particular problems, a little common sense is enough from the first month of pregnancy:

  • avoid smoking and alcohol,
  • avoid medications (unless prescribed by the doctor, informed about the state of pregnancy),
  • follow a healthy diet,
  • rest and learn to listen to the needs of your body.
Read also: Sixth week ultrasound

Pain in the first months of pregnancy

I pain in the lower abdomen they are one of the symptoms of pregnancy. Generally they are due to the presence of the dirty body, a gland that produces progesterone, which in the event of fertilization continues to produce the hormone and can cause these pains. In the first months of pregnancy you can therefore experience this type of pain: tension in the lower abdomen, spasms, feelings of discomfort and weight. Same pains that can be experienced during the menstrual cycle. Typically it is about normal and absolutely physiological pains. They are in fact also linked to the changes that the woman's body has to face (internally) to allow the uterus to grow, month after month. However, if they persist or are accompanied by blood loss, it is always better to consult the gynecologist.


Months of pregnancy | PHOTO

Photos of pregnancy month by month. Images of the belly and fetus from the first month to the ninth month of pregnancy


Mandatory maternity leave provides 5 months of leave from work: 2 months before birth and 3 months after (or 1 month before and 4 after if you take advantage of the flexibility of motherhood).

But in the first 3 months? Is it possible to work during the months considered more delicate?

Generally speaking, if you don't do a job that is considered unsafe and there aren't any abortion threats (for which the gynecologist provides a period of absolute rest), you can continue to work after discovering that you are pregnant. If you do a sedentary work, remember to get up and walk every 2/3 hours. It would be helpful too notify the employer the moment you find out you are pregnant, so that she can make arrangements for when you abstain from work.

What to eat in the first months of pregnancy

Absolutely to remember: during pregnancy you should not eat for two, as our grandmothers used to say. Throughout the pregnancy, they are not in the first months, it is good to follow a healthy diet (to continue even during breastfeeding). If you are starting from an overweight situation, your gynecologist will probably recommend that you follow one diet, so as not to gain too much weight.

Following a correct diet is also very important to ensure the normal growth of the fetus. It is good to do small and frequent meals (also useful to counteract the nausea of ​​the first months). Better to increase the daily amount of vegetables and limit sweets and carbohydrates (to try to avoid the onset of problems such as gestational diabetes). The eggs they can only be eaten cooked (no scrambled eggs or desserts with raw eggs). If you are not immune to toxoplasmosis, you will have to follow a few more precautions:

  • avoid eating cured meats (except cooked ham and mortadella),
  • rare or undercooked meat,
  • raw fish and uncooked vegetables (unless they have been washed very well).


During the first month of pregnancy, before the delay of the period, they can occur slight losses. Often these are implantation losses, which are caused by the nesting of the embryo in the uterus and last a day or two. The blood loss in the first months of pregnancy they are very frequent and can frighten expectant mothers. Often they are not worrying and pass by themselves. They can be caused by incomplete attachment of the embryonic sac to the inner wall of the uterus. Incomplete adherence between the two tissues can cause small vessels to rupture and thus bleeding. If you have bright red discharges, accompanied by abdominal painIt's best to go to the doctor right away to make sure it's not a miscarriage or placental abruption. In any case, if you have blood loss, it is always good to consult your gynecologist to ascertain whether it is normal loss or a symptom of a more serious problem.

First month of pregnancy: weeks

The first month of pregnancy starts from the 1st week and lasts until the 4th, so it lasts exactly 4 weeks and 3 days.

First month of pregnancy: belly

At the beginning of pregnancy you will not see the belly, but it is possible to feel some swelling and also a tension in the lower abdomen which are caused by the action of the hormones.

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